Study of Contours

Contours are generally referred to any undulation in the flat surface. Each contours is defined by the joining of all the contour intervals along the same plane. Contour Intervals Depend Upon : 1) Nature of ground – In flat or uniformly sloping countries, contour intervals are kept small while in steep or broken countries, contour interval … Continue reading

Soil Compaction

Building Information Model

Requirements of ideal Damp proofing (DPC) material

1. Damp proofing material should be impermeable or very low permeability. 2. It should have strong adhesion (fixation ability) with substrata on it. 3. Should be sufficiently elastic to withstand expansion and contraction of the sub strata due to temperature fluctuations. 4. High resistance to abrasion and cracking. 5. Its application should be easy to … Continue reading

Construction Planning and Management

Concept of project management and construction planning was given by Fredrick Winslor Taylor (1911) as Scientific Management Theory. The basic principle of construction management is to have quality control, check in construction cost and to finish work in speculated time. We can also say that the reason for construction management is because a large amount … Continue reading

Purpose of Effective Preventive Maintenance

Maintenance evolve from French word “Maintinir” which means hold/sustain/up to date, is the preservation to the extent of level where any unit remains serviceable. We maintain buildings to serve the purpose. We require maintenance to enhance the life of structure, for safety and convenience of users, save money- to prevent from unplanned expenditure. • Preventive … Continue reading