Presentation on Arch Systems

– Arch is a curved structure designed to carry loads across a gap mainly by compression. – The mechanical principle of the arch is precisely the same as that of the portal frame. The straight pieces of material joined by sharp bends are smoothed into a continuous curve. This increases the cost of construction but greatly reduces the … Continue reading

Creativity Unlimited : Scope of Architecture as profession

A profession in architecture is much sought after now-a-days…. Since the origin of mankind, a roof over one’s head had been one of the basic needs, the other two being food and clothing. Whether architecture as a profession existed in India may be debated but it was the artisans and craftsmen who built temples, palaces … Continue reading

Importance of Bye-Laws

The Building Byelaws are defined as the standards & specifications designed to grant minimum safeguards to the workers during construction, to the health & comfort of the users & to provide enough safety to the public in general. The regulation set out the basic requirements to be observed in the of  design and construction of … Continue reading

Building Bye-laws of Amritsar (Punjab)

These Building bye-laws of Amritsar may be called the Municipal Council (Erection and Re-erection of Building) Bye-laws, 2007. These shall come into force at once. These building Bye-Laws shall apply to the entire area of Municipal Council or to such other areas, as the State Government may extend by notification in the official gazette. Here is a presentation … Continue reading

Contracts and Tenders

When two or more persons have common intention communicated to each other to create same obligation between them there is said to be an agreement. An agreement which is enforceable by law is a Contract. A Tenders is called upon for executing certain specified work, or supplying specified materials; subjected to certain terms and conditions … Continue reading

Earthwork in excavation in foundations

Excavation – Trenches shall be dug to exact width of foundation and to the maximum should be vertical (vertically especially to maximum height as the thickness of lean concrete is 8 to 10 inches. In case of loose soil, extra payment for shoring may be required to retain the soil. Material shall be placed minimum … Continue reading